Jaipur, the vibrant capital of Rajasthan, is popularly known as the "Pink City" because of the pink-colored buildings in the old city. It is one of the main constituent destinations of the popular tourist itinerary "The Golden Triangle of India". The old city of Jaipur is partially encircled with seven gates - the major gates are Chandpol, Sanganeri, and Ajmeri. The 'pink city' label applies specifically to the old walled quarter of the capital in the northeast while glorious palaces and temples are an assortment of styles, spanning centuries scattered throughout the predominantly, urban area.
Jaipur is rich in history and culture. The past comes alive in magnificent forts and palaces, blushed pink, where once lived the Maharajas. The bustling bazaars of Jaipur, famous for Rajasthani gems, jewelry, fabric and shoes possess a timeless quality and are surely a delight for the shoppers. This fascinating city with its romantic charm takes you to an epoch of royalty and tradition.
The city owes its name to the great warrior, astronomer Maharaja Jai Singh II. His predecessors had enjoyed good relations with the Mughals, and Jai Singh was careful to preserve this alliance. In 1727, with Mughal power on the wane, Jai Singh decided to move down from his capital hillside fortress at Amber to a new site on the plains.
A Bengali architect Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya designed the city, using the principles of town planning, as laid down in the Shilpa Shastra, an ancient Hindu treatise on architecture. He built the "City Palace", and the largest stone observatory in the world, employing the same principles.
With a history dating back to more then two and half centuries, the famed Indian gems city of Jaipur is creating fresh history in its vibrant second innings.
Jaipur, not only known for the colored gem's processing center of India, but also a global center because of the most of world supply of cut and polished Emerald. Jaipur has been processing the whole rainbow of colored gems, beside pearl. The traditional processing work undertaken here with outstanding skills includes cutting and polishing of hundreds species of colored gemstones, both natural and synthetic, carving, beads-making, stringing, manufacturing of 'object d' art and fine jewelry.
Even amidst modernization, Jaipur's gems industry essentially retains its cottage character. It is labor intensive, based in indigenous craftsmanship with up to three generations working together. The workforce includes members of both sexes. Today over 4,00,000 population of Jaipur depends on gem and jewelry industry.
Jaipur is India's second important gems and jewelry exporting center and the first for sale to foreign tourists.